Need a simple SSL which will work in all browsers?
You can get it free from Let’s Encrypt, and you won’t even need to get into multi-step slow domain ownership validation which includes waiting for emails and waiting for Certificate Authority (CA) to react to your requests.
Why and when would one need a certificate in the first place? Well, if you got a WordPress site (replace this with your favorite CMS/framework) which has any kind of authorization form, then you need an SSL, because you probably don’t want usernames and passwords flying over the Internet in plain text.
We must make a remark, that for applications like online shops or pretty much any apps working with various sorts of confidential information, you might need a non-free SSL. There is a number of reasons for that. The main reasons are the following: those certificates are displayed as more secure in clients browsers and you get much better warranty payments for a (very unlikely) case of SSL hack.
Ones who probably benefit the most from Let’s Encrypt fast validation are system administrators of various levels.
Let’s Encrypt allows to use CLI certbots like officially recommended one at https://certbot.eff.org/
for obtaining and even installing certificates on some web servers. With that it’s hard to overcome temptation to automate the process, making it easily repeatable for any number of sites you need. In this demonstration we will use Ansible.
REQUIREMENTS TO BEGIN THE WORK
– DNS record pointing to IP of the server with the domains, which SSL will be installed and configured for
– Correct version of Ansible – it should be 188.8.131.52. To check it you can execute the following command in your CLI:
– OS: Ubuntu 16.04 installed on the target server
– SSH key uploaded to the target server
– Python-minimal installed on the target server
– Nginx web-server, working from www-data folder
– Catalogue structure on the target server should be as follows:
├── conf.d ├── fastcgi.conf ├── fastcgi_params ├── koi-utf ├── koi-win ├── mime.types ├── nginx.conf ├── proxy_params ├── scgi_params ├── sites-available └── default ├── sites-enabled └── default -> /etc/nginx/sites-available/default
– Conf.d – temporary configuration files for Let’s Encrypt are kept here
– Sites-available – configs of available websites
– Sites-enabled – connected websites
Also you should enable these strings in nginx.conf:
## # Virtual Host Configs ## include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf; include /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/*;
– Hosts file:
cat hosts [all] letsencrypt-test ansible_ssh_host=184.108.40.206 ansible_ssh_user=root cat host_vars/letsencrypt-test ssl_domains: - ssl-demo3.itsyndicate.org - ssl-demo4.itsyndicate.org le_email: [email protected]
– ssl_domains – list of domains you want SSL to be installed and configured for
– le_email – e-mail address for Let’s Encrypt notifications
ansible-playbook -i hosts example_le_ssl_playbook.yml
You can download role here: https://gitlab.itsyndicate.org/public-area/ansible-letsencrypt